Journal Articles

Worling, J. R. (1995a).  Adolescent sibling-incest offenders: Differences in family and individual functioning when compared to nonsibling sex offenders.  Child Abuse & Neglect, 19, 633-643.

Worling, J. R. (1995b).  Adolescent sex offenders against females: Differences based on the age of their victims.  International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 39, 276-293.

Worling, J. R. (1995c).  Sexual abuse histories of adolescent male sex offenders: Differences based on the age and gender of their victims. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 104, 610-613.

Worling, J. R., & Curwen, T. (2000).  Adolescent sexual offender recidivism: Success of specialized treatment and implications for risk prediction.  Child Abuse & Neglect, 24, 965-982.

Worling, J. R.  (2001). Personality-based typology of adolescent male sexual offenders: Differences in recidivism rates, victim-selection characteristics, and personal victimization histories.  Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 13, 149-166.

Worling, J. R., & Langstrom, N. (2003).  Assessment of criminal recidivism risk with adolescents who have offended sexually: A review.  Trauma, Violence, & Abuse: A Review Journal, 4, 341-362.

Curwen, T. (2003).  The importance of offense characteristics, victimization history, hostility, and social desirability in assessing empathy of male adolescent sex offenders.  Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 15, 347-364.

Worling, J. R. (2004).  The Estimate of Risk of Adolescent Sexual Offense Recidivism: Preliminary psychometric data.  Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research & Treatment, 16, 235-254.

Worling, J.R. (2006).  Assessing Sexual Arousal with Adolescent Males Who Have Offended Sexually: Self Report and Unobtrusively Measured Viewing Time.  Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 18, 383-400.

O’Neil, B.J, Burns, G. L., Kahn, T.J., Rich, P, & Worling, J.R.(2008). Initial Psychometric Properties of a Treatment Planning and Program Inventory for Adolescents who Sexually Abuse. Sexual Abuse: A journal of Research & Treatment. Vol.  20, 161-187

Worling, J. R. (2010).  Risky Business: Providing fair and accurate information regarding risk assessment instruments for adolescent sexual offense recidivism.  Journal of Aggression, Maltreatment & Trauma, 19, 243-246

Worling, J. R., Litteljohn, A., & Bookalam, D. (2010).  20-year prospective follow-up study of specialized treatment for adolescents who offended sexually.  Behavioral Sciences and The Law, 28, 46-57.

Worling, J. R. (2012).  The assessment and treatment of deviant sexual arousal with adolescents who have offended sexually.  Journal of Sexual Aggression, 18, 36-63. doi:10.1080/13552600.20 11.630152

Worling, J. R., Bookalam, D., & Litteljohn, A. (2012).  Prospective validity of the Estimate of Risk of Adolescent Sexual Offense Recidivism (ERASOR).  Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 24, 203-223.  doi: 10.1177/1079063211407080

Worling, J. R., & Langton, C. M. (2012).  Assessment and treatment of adolescents who sexually offend: Clinical issues and implications for secure settings.  Criminal Justice and Behavior, 39, 814-841.  doi:10.1177/0093854812439378

Worling, J. R. (2103). What were we thinking?: Five erroneous assumptions that have fueled specialized interventions for adolescents who have sexually offended.  International Journal of Behavioral Consultation and Therapy, 8(3-4), 88-96.

Worling, J. R., & Langton, C. M. (2014).  A prospective investigation of factors that predict desistance from recidivism for adolescents who have sexually offended.  Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment.  Advance online publication.  doi.  10.1177/1079063214549260

Book Chapters

Worling, J. R. (1998).  Adolescent sexual offender treatment at the SAFE-T Program.  In W. L. Marshall, Y. M. Fernandez, S. M. Hudson, & T. Ward (Eds.), Sourcebook of treatment programs for sexual offenders (pp. 353-365).  New York: Plenum Press.

 Worling, J. R., & Curwen, T. (2001).  Estimate of Risk of Adolescent Sexual Offense Recidivism(Version 2.0: The “ERASOR”).  In M. C. Calder, Juveniles and children who sexually abuse: Frameworks for assessment (pp. 372-397).  Lyme Regis, Dorset, UK: Russell House Publishing.

Worling, J. R. (2002).  Assessing risk of sexual assault recidivism with adolescent sexual offenders.  In M. C. Calder (Ed.), Young people who sexually abuse: Building the evidence base for your practice (pp. 365-375).  Lyme Regis, Dorset, U.K.: Russell House Publishing.

Worling, J. R. (2004).  Essentials of a good intervention programme for sexually abusive juveniles.  Part two: Offence related treatment tasks.  In G. O’Reilly, W. L. Marshall, R. C. Beckett, & A. Carr (Eds.), The Handbook of clinical intervention with juvenile sexual offenders.  London: Plenum Press.

Worling, J. R. (2005). Assessing reoffense risk for adolescents who have offended sexually. In B. Schwartz (Ed.), The sex offender (Vol. 5, pp. 18.1-18.7). Kingston, NJ: Civic Research Institute.

Worling, J.R. & Langstrom, N. (2006). Risk of Sexual Recidivism in Adolescents Who Offend Sexually. In Barbaree, H. E., & Marshall, W. L. (Eds.), The Juvenile Sex Offender (2nd ed., pp. 219-247). New York: Guilford Press.


Document title:  Adolescent sexual offence response protocol.
Authors: D. Costin, S. Schuler, & T. Curwen

Description: This document provides a review of evidence regarding responding to adolescent sexual offending.  Details regarding steps to take to effectively intervene once a disclosure about an adolescent who sexually offended is received.  The information provided is based on evidence and best-practice guidelines.

Training on implementing this document has been provided to various police services, child welfare agencies, and other legal and mental health service providers.

Provide link to doc

Document title: The Estimate of Risk of Adolescent Sexual Offence Recidivism (ERASOR)
Authors: J. Worling & T. Curwen

Description: The Estimate of Risk of Adolescent Sexual Offense Recidivism (The ERASOR: Worling & Curwen, 2001) is an empirically-guided checklist to assist evaluators to estimate the short-term risk of a sexual reoffense for youth aged 12-18.  The ERASOR was designed as a single-scale instrument, and the 25 risk factors that are evaluated fall under 5 headings: Sexual Interests, Attitudes, and Behaviors, Historical Sexual Assaults, Psychosocial Functioning, Family/Environmental Functioning, and Treatment.  All risk factors are coded as either Present,Possibly/Present, Present, Not Present, or Unknown, and the coding manual outlines the specific coding criteria—in addition to the research/clinical support—for each factor.

The ERASOR is currently in widespread use throughout Canada and the U.S.A (McGrath, Cumming, Burchard, Zeoli, & Ellerby, 2010), and it is also being used in a number of other countries. (Can we link this description to the sub-tab under Research called ERASOR – Maybe a button or hyperlink [Learn More])